While Putin signs Ukraine annexation laws amid a military setback, the United States is warning Russia that using nuclear weapons against Ukraine would have catastrophic consequences. National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan said the United States would respond decisively to any use of nuclear weapons. Meanwhile, Ukraine rejects Russian plans for referendums in occupied territories and has every right to liberate its land.
The Russian president has reportedly called up 300,000 reservists to fight the war in Ukraine. He also hinted that Russia may be willing to use nuclear weapons if necessary. In addition, the Russian parliament has passed new laws increasing penalties for surrendering and refusing to fight. The Russian military has also threatened to retaliate against any Ukrainian military that fails to fight.
President Putin signed the final annexation laws on Wednesday, despite military setbacks. Russia’s military is struggling to hold on to the illegally annexed regions, including Luhansk, Donetsk, and Kherson.
Meanwhile, Ukrainian forces continue to make advances in the northeast, while Russia continues to hold most of the country’s southeastern regions. Ukraine claims to have retaken significant territory, including the city of Kharkiv in the northeast. The Ukrainian military also repelled Russian troops from several strategic cities, and has cut off vital supply lines.
Despite the international community’s condemnation of Russia’s annexation of Ukraine territory, Moscow is moving ahead with the process. Zelenskyy, the Ukrainian president, has ruled out negotiations with Russia and declared the annexation of Ukrainian territory as illegitimate.
Russia has been shelling areas in the east of Ukraine. It has captured the city of Luhansk in the east, but dozens of other locations, including Izium, have been liberated by Ukrainian forces. This includes the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, which is Europe’s largest. The Ukrainian president has also ordered civilian evacuations from the eastern Donetsk region.
Russia has resisted international pressure to annex the region, including NATO and the United Nations. The EU has also backed the Ukrainian forces. Meanwhile, the United States and the Group of Seven states have warned Moscow against the Russian actions. The United States, in response, has threatened to impose severe economic sanctions against Russia.
Russia’s Ukraine war is in a dangerous phase. Russian forces are facing mounting setbacks, while the Ukrainian military continues to take back territory in the east and south. As the war continues, the borders between the two countries will remain ambiguous. In the short-term, efforts will focus on negotiating a ceasefire. However, the long-term consequences of this conflict are potentially catastrophic.
The Kremlin’s objectives include the neutralization of Ukraine’s military. It also wants to change the Ukrainian leadership. The exact strategy for achieving this goal remains unclear. Russia is also trying to establish a certainty that Ukraine will not join NATO.